As some of you may
have noticed, Babies are not built to the same specifications as adults
and children. To begin with, they are a lot softer, and they seem to
have no necks! This makes the ABC of resuscitation slightly different.
To begin with, lay the infant on a hard surface that is within your
reach. The floor is a long way down. Use a table, or sideboard. Open the
airway by tilting the head very slightly back, not as far as you would
with an adult. Check the breathing in the normal way, but be aware that
a baby breathes faster than an adult or child, and you may not see chest
Hopefully the baby is breathing, if so, instead of laying them down
in the recovery position as you would for an adult or child, Pick them
up and hold them, with the head slightly lower than the rest of the
body, and the back to your chest.
If there is no breathing present, you need to give some air. Cover
both nose and mouth with your mouth and give a small puff. (Imagine
blowing out a candle). Do this 5 times, not 2 as with adults. Now
check for signs of pulse.
Being smaller and softer, using the pulse in the neck can do damage
to a baby, Therefore we check the pulse in the upper arm. Place the flat
of 3 fingers on the inside of the upper arm, and the thumb on the
outside. Using a light pressure you should then feel the brachial pulse.
Is there a pulse present? Is it more than 60 per min? If yes, carry on
giving air and get help fast. If the pulse is less than 60,
assume no pulse and give chest compressions. Again, there is a
difference here. First, the pressure point is about one finger below the
nipple line. Just use 2 fingers, and depress the chest about 1/3rd
of the chest depth five times then give one breath and continue
at 5 compressions to one breath. (This must be on a firm surface
or the pressure will not go where needed). The chances of resuscitating
a baby successfully are higher than that of an adult, if you do not
For more information, Call your local Red Cross and ask about
training. You will be surprised at how cheap and easy it is to learn how
to save lives.
First aid is not a subject that can be learned from books or articles.
To become a true first aider you need to undertake proper training that
will give you the opportunity to practice in a safe and controlled
environment. Neither I as the author or the World Wide Information
Outlet can or will be held responsible for anything that happens as a
result of this article. Having said that, when a life is at stake, you
should at least try. Under the 'good samaritan' law, provided your
intention was to do good, nobody can touch you for it!
Brought to you by: World Wide Information Outlet